A healthy diet provides the body with the nutrients it needs to function properly and protects against many chronic non-communicable diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, obesity and cancer. It is based on a variety of foods that contain whole grains, fruit, vegetables, lean proteins and unsaturated fats (such as olive, canola and peanut oil) and limits processed and sugary foods and drinks.In addition, a healthy diet is high in fiber and low in sodium and added sugars. It also contains a range of vitamins and minerals to help keep the body strong.Eating a balanced diet and being physically active are essential for health. However, a healthy diet can be difficult for many people to achieve, especially if they don’t have the right resources and support.A large body of evidence supports that a healthy diet lowers the risk for common chronic non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. A healthy diet includes a wide variety of foods and beverages, limiting added sugars and saturated fats, while increasing intakes of fiber, calcium, and potassium. It is also low in trans fat and includes a variety of protein sources, particularly beans/legumes, fish, poultry, lean meats, nuts and seeds.Choosing a healthier food doesn’t have to be complicated or expensive. In fact, it can be as simple as changing just one or two things in your daily eating habits. Try adding a salad to lunch or sprinkling cooked vegetables on top of dinner, for example. Or start by replacing a glass of soda with water, adding slices of fresh lime or lemon, and choose low-fat milk or fortified soymilk over full-fat options.Make small changes that will add up over time. For example, instead of frying chicken breasts in butter, try baking them in the oven. Or, swap butter for a spray oil when cooking. Similarly, at restaurants, ask for smaller servings and use visual cues to judge portion sizes: the size of a deck of cards or half a cup of cooked pasta or rice is a good guide.Replace foods high in saturated fat with those containing monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil and avocados, or omega-3 fatty acids, which are found in cold-water fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts. Reduce the amount of salt in your meals and opt for unsalted or low-sodium packaged foods. Avoid added sugars and sugary beverages, which contribute to tooth decay, weight gain, and heart disease. Eat more fruits and vegetables, especially dark green and red ones (3 or more servings a day) and whole-grain, high-fiber breads and cereals. Also, eat legumes (such as peas and lentils), nuts and seeds, and skinless poultry, fish, and lean meats. Also, opt for low-fat dairy products and drink water or unsweetened, unflavored sparkling waters. Limit alcohol and choose beverages low in sodium. For dessert, eat fruit or low-fat yogurt.
A person’s lifestyle is a reflection of her or his values, interests, habits and choices. It may include a variety of elements like recreational pursuits, fashion choices, work-life balance, diet and exercise. It is also defined by the environment where a person lives. For instance, people who live in rural areas tend to have different lifestyles compared to those living in urban metropolis. This is because the former is influenced by nature and culture, while the latter is affected by urbanization.Lifestyle is also seen as a way to achieve personal satisfaction. It involves the pursuit of goals and ambitions, a sense of accomplishment as well as fulfillment in interpersonal relationships. For example, some people find happiness in pursuing a career they enjoy, while others are satisfied with the status and prestige that comes with being a successful professional. Moreover, some individuals strive to be healthy by practicing good health-related behaviors, such as regular exercise, eating a nutritious diet and avoiding tobacco, drugs and alcohol.A person's lifestyle is influenced by a number of factors, including family, culture and society. For instance, the religion that a person practices may affect his or her lifestyle. Some religious lifestyles require followers to abstain from certain activities, such as drinking or smoking. Other lifestyles involve the practice of specific rituals that promote spiritual wellness and good health.Another factor that influences lifestyle is a person's sense of self-worth, which is closely linked to social status. A person's lifestyle may also be shaped by her or his beliefs about the meaning of life and his or her relationship with the universe.A healthy lifestyle is a combination of several factors, such as a healthy diet, physical activity and stress reduction. Some of the best ways to reduce stress are exercise, which releases mood-lifting hormones, and meditation or deep breathing exercises, which can help to calm a person down. A person's stress level can also be lowered by spending time with friends, and talking about issues that are troubling him or her.While there are many definitions of the term "lifestyle," some researchers use it to mean a person's overall approach to living, while others use it in a more narrow way. For example, some researchers believe that a healthy lifestyle includes consuming a balanced diet, limiting harmful substances such as tobacco, fat and sugar and exercising regularly. However, other scholars have argued that lifestyle is not a valid concept because it is too broad and subjective to be meaningful. In addition, lifestyle is often perceived as a problem on a global scale because it uses up natural resources and energy. This has led to a global crisis in which the quality of life is decreasing rapidly.