Effects of Celebrities on Health-Related Outcomes
A celebrity is a person who is popular and widely recognized in the media. This can be anyone from a pop star to a world leader or a religious figure. Many people look up to celebrities and admire them as the epitome of success. Celebrities can be a result of many factors such as natural talent, hard work, diligence, discipline and self-motivation. Individuals who have these characteristics and are willing to market themselves in an effort to become famous, are more likely to achieve celebrity status than those who lack these attributes. Careers within the sports and entertainment sphere are also more likely to lead to fame than careers that do not involve mass media exposure. Professional athletes who are directly involved with the physical aspects of competition such as scoring and defending, are viewed by fans as elite athletes and have a high likelihood of becoming celebrities. Other professionals such as coaches, general managers, referees, commentators and announcers are less likely to become celebrities and play a more peripheral role in the field of sports. Several humanitarian and religious leaders have also achieved celebrity status for their contributions to society. These figures include Mother Teresa and Desmond Tutu, who are renowned for their charitable works throughout the world. They have influenced millions of lives through their good deeds. Other celebrities such as Kim Jong Un, the current leader of North Korea, have made headlines for their controversial actions and decisions. Politicians have also reached a celebrity-type status as well. Some have become best-selling authors or speakers and others have branched out to podcasts and other new media to reach larger audiences. Some celebrities may be more susceptible to the influence of media coverage than others, depending on their age, culture, socioeconomic status or education level. Moreover, the effects of celebrities on health-related outcomes may vary based on whether they are disseminated in a positive or negative tone. In addition, the effect of celebrities on health-related outcomes can be affected by their appearance, body image, social status and wealth. In some cases, these influences can have a negative impact on people’s health, particularly for those with poor self-image or who do not trust the media. The impact of celebrities on health-related outcomes is a complex issue and deserves further study. The aim of this research is to identify the effects of celebrities on specific health-related outcomes, such as obesity, diabetes, alcohol use and smoking. This includes assessing the impact of celebrity influence on short-term, medium-term and long-term health-related outcomes. To this end, studies will be categorized by outcome domain and then analyzed using a number of methods to determine the magnitude of any identified impacts. A summary of the results will be presented and any underlying mechanisms that explain the effect will be analyzed. The findings will be used to guide policymaking and public health initiatives. The research will also be a useful tool to understand the potential for reducing health disparities in society.