A lifestyle is a type of social behavior, a set of preferences, interests, and patterns of behaviors. It's an important metric in many societies, and it's also a major influence on the physical and mental health of people. The term lifestyle was coined by Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler in 1929. According to Adler, it is a'system of judgement' or a'style of personality'. In his book The Science of Living, he describes lifestyle as "the basic character that is developed early in life." Another definition of the word is more complex. Lifestyle is defined as "a combination of intangible factors that includes interests, opinions, and behaviours." The American Heritage Dictionary defines the concept as a "way of life." Some researchers define it as a style of thought, while others describe it as a behavioural orientation. A modern study of lifestyles is carried out by Georg Simmel and Pierre Bourdieu. Simmel's approach was to identify processes in the context of a vertical structure, and Bourdieu's version is more of a diachronic investigation. A more complex society has a plethora of subcultures and consumer goods, and this can result in a larger lifestyle gap between nations. For example, the Iranians prefer to use pain relievers rather than antibiotics, while the Americans have a different perception of health and medicine. Adler's concept was credited with the first use of the word "lifestyle" in a written work, although his writings weren't translated into English until after the Second World War. Today, the concept of lifestyle has migrated from the academic to the popular realms and is seen in everything from fashion to advertising. One way of thinking about the 'lifestyle' is that it is the sum of the major factors that contribute to health, namely nutrition, exercise, and sleep. There are also various forms of the lifestyle, such as rural and urban. Rural and urban lifestyles have similar components, such as a close proximity to nature, but they are distinctly different. The concept of lifestyle may also be linked to the ability to make wise choices, whether at work or in the bedroom. Consumerist lifestyles are a major concern worldwide, as excessive consumption drains natural resources and depletes energy. However, a healthy lifestyle is characterized by a balanced life, which is the opposite of a consumerist one. Although the concept of lifestyle is not necessarily well defined, it is a significant factor in determining your happiness. You will find that it can help you achieve success at school, at work, and in social gatherings. It can even help you to avoid some of the most common genetic diseases. Other things that are related to the concept of lifestyle are the "miracle of health" and the 'biggest gimmick' of all. These are not just a matter of what to wear or what to eat, but are rather about what to do with your time and money. Many of the best known and most widely used marketing methodologies were derived from the insights of a psychologist and an economist. As a result, it is not surprising that today's contemporary definition of the lifestyle is propped up by the popularity of social media.